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Burhan to UAE on a Two-Day Visit

The head of the Transitional Sovereignty Council (TSC), Abdal Fattah al-Burhan, headed to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) for dicussions.

Khartoum: Al Taghyeer

Head of the TSC, Lt. Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, headed to the UAE on Sunday for a two-day official visit.

The council did not give details about the visit or the agendas to be discussed.

Al-Burhan will be accompanied by the Minister of Cabinet Affairs, Khalid Omer Yousif.

Sudanese leaders have repeatedly visited the Emirates recently, to discuss several issues.

TSC Secretary-General, Lt. Gen. Mohamed al-Ghali, and the UAE’s ambassador in Khartoum Hamad al-Jneibi, were at Al-Burhan’s farewell at Khartoum Airport.

Al-Burhan is expected to discuss the UAE initiative regarding al-Fashaqa area on the Sudanese-Ethiopian border.

Khartoum and Abu Dhabi are have yet to disclose the details of the initiative, which seeks to de-escalate tension between Sudan and Ethiopia, concening either borders or the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

TSC member Malik Aqar revealed some of the initiative’s provisions, which stipulate the division of al-Fashaqa between the two countries.

“The UAE wants to distribute our land. This is a biased initiative that will cast its shadow and repercussions on the region”, Aqar said

He emphasized that al-Fashaqa is an indivisble Sudanese land and indivisible.

There have been no official statements from Abu Dhabi regarding what is being said about its initiatives.

Background

The Sudanese army had recaptured most of its lands on the eastern borders from Ethiopian forces and militias.

Addis Ababa considered this as an occupation and hostile action taking place while the federal army was busy with military operation in the Tigray region.

Sudanese leaders have not attempted to conceal their annoyance with Ethiopia attempts to link the border tension with the GERD file.

Ethiopia insists on filling the reservoir next June without having reached an agreement with the two downstream countries.

Khartoum and Cairo both consider any unilateral moves in the dam file a direct threat to their national securities.

The Ethiopian-Sudanese diasgreements mainly revolve around previous agreements and the extent to which they are binding on both sides.

Paper Defense

Sudan says that the 1902 Treaty demarcated the borders and laid the foundations for dealing with the Nile tributaries that stem from Ethiopian lands.

Ethiopia is trying to disavow the treaties concluded in the colonial era, as it was not party to it.

Addis Ababa believes that the Declaration of Principles signed in 2012 established a new phase regarding the sharing of Nile waters.

Sudan insisted that if the old treaties were reviewed, this would necessitate the restoration of the Benishangul region.

Ethiopia’s dam is being built on the Benishangul region; given to Ethiopia in the 1902 Treaty in exchange for a text requiring the latter to obtain Sudan’s aprroval before establishing any water projects on main Nile tributaries.

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